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ʶҹóѺҹ价ӷҹ article

 

          ɰԨ͡кԺҧǴҡ㹪ǧɷҹ ͧҨҡäС觢ѹҧáԨдѺšعç鹷ءѹ 觼äҸáԨҧ 繷еͧѺ͵ͺʹͧǡóԴ ѷӹǹҡ֧ö㹡觢ѹ¡Ŵ ״㹡ôԹҡ ҵá÷Ӥѭ áԨԸըҧҧҹؤ¹͡ӧҹ㹡кǹüԵͧٻẺҤç èҧҹҪǧ áШ˹¡üԵСúèѴ͡觵ҧ 訴¹ 繵 ʶҹóѧǢµ价Ƿءš 觼šзҵðҹçҹ ԷªФ蹤Ҫվ

 

1.1         ʶҹóѺҹ价ӷҹдѺҡ

ͧçҹҧ (International Labour Organization : ILO)

ͧ ɰԨ͡к (informal economy)   Ҥ͡к (informal sector) ¶֧ԨҧɰԨء駡üԵú͡èҧҹ ѺѺͧͧФǺ¡͸Ժѵѧ աѺͧ ͧͤǺ §͵ӡҵðҹ

          çҹɰԨ͡к¶֧ Ѻҹ价ӷҹ ѺҪǧҹصˡ价ӷҹ (Industrial Outworkers) ҹӧҹШ ١ҧǤ ١ҧǤǵĴ١ ١ҧӧҹ (Part-time workers) ١ҧçҹͧ (Sweatshop) ФҹӡԨâͧͧҹ (Own Account Workers) çҹաè¹ ͡ҡѧ֧çҹзӧҹͤʹ Һҧ Ѵͧ 红 çҹѺ㹺ҹ 繵

          ɰԨ͡кպҷ繷觻͹Ѩ¡üԵ ͧѺͧҧҧ Դ㹡üԵ 觧ҹҴ˭Ť ǾѹѺǹ˭繼˭ԧФ͡ ͧҡǴͧسѵդҡ٧ ɰԨ͡к ֧ͧСͺӤѭͧкɰԨͧء պҷɰԨҾԺ ѴǹӤѭ㹼Եѳ㹻 GDF (Gross Domestic Product)

          ;ԨóҤ繢ͧçҹ͡к ѧѧҴ çҹҹҢ յǵ ͹䢡èҧҹ繸 ͹ Ҵäͧ駷ҧҹçҹѡСѹҧѧ ͧ༪ԭ§㹷ҧɰԨѧعçк駡çҹк 㹢зդö㹡èѴ䧷ش

          ILO ҳ ǹ˭šաèҧҹҤ͡кҡк лȡѧѲǹ˭Ҥ͡к˭Ҥкҡ աѧçҹҤ͡к֧ 80-90 ͧѧçҹ

          ҡ§ҹͧ ILO ʶԵԨӹǹçҹ͡кͧȡѧѲҷѡúѹ֡§ 14 ҹ ҹѺ价ӷҹͺüԵҢҵҧ ҡ 觷ͼٻ ҹ; ҹͧ ҹ͡ ҹѺҧ ӤҴ кèػ  ҹǹ Ӹٻ мԵǹŤ͹Ԥ ҹմ ҹ͡ Чҹ 繵

1.2          ʶҹóѺҹ价ӷҹ㹻

ӹѡҹʶԵ觪ҵѴçǨѺҹ价ӷҹ繤á㹻 2542 駷

㹻 2545 Ф駷㹻 2548 ѵػʧǺŷӤѭ ǡѺѺҹ价ӷҹբŷͧѹ ˹§ҹǢͧ繢ž鹰ҹ㹡ҧἹҹ С˹ºµҧ Ѻҹ价ӷҹѺ Ҷ֧äͧҧѧ СþѲҤسҾԵҹҧ

 

          šǨѺҹ价ӷҹ .. 2548 ػѧ

(1)                     ӹǹ͹ мѺҹ价ӷҹ  

ըӹǹ 348,964 ͹ лЪҡ 15 价Ѻҹ价ӷҹըӹǹ

549,803 ǹ˭͡ࢵȺ 68.7 ࢵȺ 31.5

 

        (2)  ʶҹҾͧѺҹ价ӷҹ

            Ѻҹ价ӷҹ˭ԧҡҪ (˭ԧ 76.3 Ъ 23.7)

          آͧѺҹ价ӷҹ ǹ˭ҧ 30 49 ( 60.5)

          ʶҹҾ  ѡɳТͧѺҹ价ӷҹդ״ ӹ¡Ѻ˹ҷѺԴͺҹҹ ֧ 77.7

          ֡  ǹ˭診֡ԹдѺж֡ 81.5 ٧дѺж֡͵Ѹ֡Ң 18.5

 

(3)                     ͧҹѺ价ӷҹ

᷺ءҢҡüԵкԡ صˡաѺ价ӷҹҡش Ңҡ

Ե Դ 461,754 84 (繡Ԩͼ ͧ觡觷 45.8 ͧдѺྪþ 8.8 ԵѳҡСд 7.5 ͡дɰ Ҵ 7.3) Ԩâ »ա 14.3

 

(4)                     á˹ҵͺ᷹

˹ҵͺ᷹ǹ˭ Ҩҧ ըӹǹҡ֧ 82.04 ͧŧ Ѻҹ

˹ͧ§ 9.5 ˹ҡ 3.8 ǹá˹ѹҧѺҹмҨҧ 3.5

 

(5)                     ÷ӧҹ

Ѻҹǹ˭ҷӧҹѹҧ 5 ֧ 11 ( 72.3) ըӹǹ

7.7 ҹ繼Ѻҹժӧҹµѹ繻§Ѻ÷ӧҹк ҷӧҹᵡҧѹ ͧҡѺҹҨͧôŤͺзӧҹҹ

 

(6)                    

¶֧ ҵͺ᷹ءҧ ҡѺҹ价ӷҹءͺշҹ

ŢͧѺҹµͧмѺǧҹ

Ѻҹǹ˭ ( 65.1) ͵ӡ 30,001 ҷͻ Ѻҹµͧǹ˭

¡ҼѺǧҹ Ǥ Ѻҹµͧҡ 30,000 ҷ 34.9 зѺǧҹҡ֧ 48.5

;ԨóҶ֧ Ѻҹ» 47,870 ҷ ᵡҧѹ

ͧѺҹ ·Ѻǧҹ 130,011 ҷͻ зѺҹµͧ§ 47,366 ҷͻ       

 

(7)                     ͧкûСѹѧ

ѺҹҷӷҹͧкûСѹѧ § 22.1 ͧ

֧ 77.9 ǹ˭˵ؼŷ ͹ ( 30.5) ͧŧ Թ ( 27.6)

 

(8)                     ͧѺҹ价ӷҹ

Ѻҹա Ҫԡͧ ͧ÷աôԹǡѺüԵ

СͺԹ§ 7.5 ͧѺҹ

;ԨóǡѺԵѳѡ ͻصˡͧաǡѹ

ԵѳҢҡüԵ֧ 95.7 㹨ӹǹ繼Եѳͼ ͧ觡 觷ҡش 41.1 ͧŧҤ ͧдѺྪþ 27 ԵѳӨҡСд 9.3 ͧ 8.9

 

(9)                     ͷѺҹ ͧ

ͷѺҹ ͧҡش ҧҹҧͧ ( 34.9) ͧŧ

ͧͧͧѵҤҵͺ᷹ ( 30.6) еͧԹع ( 23.7)

͡ҡ ѧդͧʹѺʹعèѴ駡Ѻҹ ý֡ͺ йӤ

آҾ лԺѵԧҹ¤ʹ

Ѻ ӹѡСþѲҡɰԨѧ觪ҵ (Ȫ.) ҾѲ

ŹԸʶҺѹԨ͡þѲһ TDRI ҳ Ҵͧçҹ͡к (ɰԨ͡) 㹻 .. 2544 Ѵǹҳ 2 3 ͧçҹ ͻҳ 22-23 ҹ 73.3 ͧէҹӷ駻 ͹ӵŢҤӹdzҴ龺Ťһҳ 2.33 ҹҹҷ ͺ˹觢ͧ GDP

 

 

: ķ  Է ŷѾ  ǹͧ Ҿѹ. Ѻҹ价ӷҹ㹻 : ԷСóçº (˹ 6-8)

 

          .................................................19/2/2550




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